Colorectal Cancer Screening Guide

Colorectal cancer is the 2nd most common cancer in Malaysia. It is also highly treatable if caught early.
Learn more about the risk factors, sign, symptoms and how you can get screened.

Should you get screened?

It depends on your medical condition and family history.
You can check whether you need to screen for colorectal cancer by the following flowchart below.

Should you get screened?

*Signs & Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer

Bleeding from rectum

Mucus or blood in the stool

Loss of weight or appetite

Abdominal discomfort

Change in bowel habits

Tenesmus

The constant & painful urge to pass stool even though bowels are empty, causing straining, pain or cramping

Constipation

Swelling in the abdomen that can be felt

Screening Options

Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy is a procedureb which is done with a flexible camera (scope) to look for abnormalities inside the rectum and colon

99%

Cancer detection rate

95%

Polyp detection rate

Fecal-Immunochemical Test (FIT)

FIT is a test that checks for presence of blood in the stool

25%

Polyp detection rate

65%

Cancer detection rate

Fecal-Immunochemical Test (FIT)

FIT is a test that checks for presence of blood in the stool

65%

Cancer detection rate

25%

Polyp detection rate

What is a Colonoscopy?

Step 1

A long thin tube with an attached camera will be inserted into your rectum and move through the entire colon, allowing your doctor to view the insides of your rectum and colon on a screen.

Step 2

During this procedure, polyps or other types of abnormal tissue can be removed through the scope. Tissue samples can be taken to be sent to the lab for testing as well.

Step 3

The entire procedure takes around 30-60 Minutes.

Step 4

Your Doctor will then review the result of the colonoscopy and then share the results with you.

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Step 1

A long thin tube with an attached camera will be inserted into your rectum and move through the entire colon, allowing your doctor to view the insides of your rectum and colon on a screen.

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Step 2

During this procedure, polyps or other types of abnormal tissue can be removed through the scope. Tissue samples can be taken to be sent to the lab for testing as well.

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Step 3

The entire procedure takes around 30-60 Minutes.

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Step 4

Your Doctor will then review the result of the colonoscopy and then share the results with you.

What is the process of Fecal-Immunochemical Test (FIT)?

1

Deposit a stool sample on top of the collection paper and use the probe to scrape the surface of the stool.

2

Place the probe with stool sample back in the collection tube.

3

Place the collection tube in the biohazard bag and return to the lab within 48 hours of collecting your sample.

4

The FIT test will check for the presence of small amounts of blood in your stool.

PDF

Colorectal Cancer Screening Guide Handbook

Click to Download PDF

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